In June 2011, Lund City Park celebrated its 100th anniversary. This date marked the opening of the City Park as such in 1911, after substantial redesigns and investments made in the wake of the Industry, Crafts and Arts Exhibition on the site in 1907.
Ever since 1911 the park has been much beloved and used by Lund’s citizens and visitors. Today Lund City Park displays a mix of various stylistic ideals and hosts a variety of features that represent more than 100 years of changes in design, infrastructures, monuments, management and use of urban parks: The German/French style dominates the central part, while the English style with winding walks and large groups of trees characterizes the rest of the park. There are more than 650 trees – exotic (like the Fern-leaf Beech, the Red Sycamore Maple, the Katsura or the Kobushi Magnolia) as well as indigenous species like beech and lime. The City Park also has many diverse flowerbeds featuring perennials and roses as well as summer flowers.
North West of the large bird pond you’ll find a memorial stone with the following text: “On the area at which the industry, handicraft and art exhibition was held year 1907, Lund’s town established this park between the years 1909 to 1911. May it be of joy and use for society.”
The great industry, handicraft and art exhibition was held in Lund in 1907. Pavilions were built and filled with exhibitions, sales and refreshments on the park which covered the small ”Svanelyckan” meadow and the fields outside the city area. A strictly symmetrical park with wide paths in the shape of a classical garden surrounded the buildings. The architect was Johannes Ekberg, Lund’s first fulltime city gardener.
After the exhibition between 1909 and 1911, the town councillor set aside 20,000 Swedish crowns to establish a park, following a proposal by Ekberg. The central part with the balustrade and the wide staircase up to the cafe (which was opened later, in 1921), the orbital column “Stelen” and the green and yellow music pavilion were kept as part of the new construction. A small pond was expanded into what is now the bird pond. A free, open lawn, “Gröningen”, was created in the southwest, cut off from the railway (Hardeberga track) by shrubbery and trees.
The last remaining part of Högevall, the old city rampart, runs through the park. During the Middle Ages the city rampart was important and as early as 1134 the Roskilde Chronicle mentioned Lund as surrounded by a city rampart and wall. The rampart construction was probably built during the 12th century, when the city’s inhabitants were given the right to fortify Lund. In 1821 the rampart was given to the Academy at the University of Lund to use for their “academic walks” as long as they promised to maintain it.
PLANTS AND ANIMALS
A large number of tree species have been planted in the park, and today you can study and enjoy over 650 trees of various species. There are many unusual trees in the park such as fern-leaved beech, red sycamore maple, katsura, ginkgo, swamp cypress, Hungarian oak, wing nut, Japanese magnolia, walnut, tulip trees and sweet chestnut. Most trees are indigenous species such as elm, common beech and linden. There’s a red horse chestnut avenue called “Kastanjeplan” north go the bird pond.
There are a small number of rhododendrons in the south which add a beautiful splash of colour during their flowering season. The City Park has many different flowerbeds with perennials, roses and summer flowers. In the garden of sun and shade, over 7000 perennials blossoms throughout the season. Throughout the year, the park’s appearance varies according to what species currently flowers and the autumnal colours.
The park's many old trees have created favourable conditions for a variety of rare species. There’s a “fauna depot” with dead tree trunks that attracts a lot of insects in the park's southern dense shrubbery and tree line. Among the most endangered species is the EU prioritised pseudoscorpion (Anthrenochernes stellae), the reason why the area was nominated as a Natura 2000 area. The biological values shall be coordinated with major social and cultural values.
ART AND STYLE
Today the City Park is a mix of different stylistic influences. The German/French style dominates the central part while the English, with its winding paths and large tree groups, characterises the rest of the park. Exotic tree species with their leaf and colour variations create excitement and variation in the park landscape.
The park has several sculptures. The Ling monument is a sandstone embossment by Gunnar Norborg commemorating the hundredth anniversary of Per Henrik Ling's death in 1939 (the Swedish father of gymnastics began his work in Lund in 1804). In the central part of the park stands Nils Möllerbergs's “Pomona” from 1957. The “Tufsen” sculpture in artificial stone by Egon Möller-Nielsen and the maze of hornbeam hedges, designed by Oscar Reutersvärd, are particularly popular with the park's younger visitors. The white stage was built in 1967 and is designed by Yngve Lundquist and Hans Rendahl.
RENEWING THE CITY PARK
The park is undergoing major improvements since its hundredth anniversary in 2011. New venues for play, games and exercise are being created, while the park's cultural and historical environments are carefully restored and highlighted.
The development and transformation of the park is being done in stages, according to a development plan designed by Ulf Nordfjell. The extension of the park to the southwest (the southern lawn ”södra lekan”) and the incorporation of the Observatory resulted in a bigger and more dynamic park.
ACTIVITIES IN THE PARK
The City Park is Lund’s most popular park and attracts visitors of all ages and interests; during sunny days in the summer months the park can almost be crowded with sunbathers, joggers, pushchairs, playing children, boule players, cafe guests, bird pond visitors and more. People looking for a break from the noise of the city will find peace in the trickling fountain, if you want to observe the beautiful exotic birds, check out the aviaries in the northern part of the park. The possibilities are many.
If you want to play, go to Lund’s most visited playground. Visitors can experience different performances on the white stage, in the café and even on the music pavilion. The park is often host to official celebrations during public holidays like Walpurgis Night and Midsummer. The healthy path (Hälsans stig) begins in the park where it invites you to take a walk around Lund. In the southeast part of the park you find »Mejeriet« which hosts bands, a cinema and a café. The west of the park borders to Högevallsbadet, Lund central swimming pool and sports hall. The Sparbanken Skåne Arena is on the other side of the ring road.
• Shop: No.
• Tea Room/ Restaurant: Yes.
• WC: Yes (in the restaurant, by the bird aviaries and by the skateboard park).
• Parking: Car park by the Arena, immediately west of the park.
• Seats and benches: Yes.
• Average visitor duration: 1 hour.
• Accessibility – in the park/ garden from the car park: 10 minutes’ walk from the city center and train station. The main paths are suitable for visitors with limited mobility.
• Dogs are to be kept on leash. Use your poop scoop.